Overview

  • The official name of Zimbabwe is Republic of Zimbabwe.
  • Zimbabwe became independent from the United Kingdom on April 18, 1980. They celebrate their national day on this day to commemorate their independence.
  • The country was formerly known as Southern Rhodesia, the Republic of Rhodesia and Zimbabwe Rhodesia
  • In terms of the land area Zimbabwe covers, it is three times the size of England.
  • Zimbabwe’s President – Robert Gabriel Mugabe – is one of the current oldest and also the longest serving leaders of a non-royal country in the world. He has served as the leader of this country for the past 36 years and is still in service to the nation. He served as the Prime Minister of Zimbabwe from 1980 to 1987, and then assumed office as the President of Zimbabwe on 22 December 1987. He was born on 21 February 1924.
  • The capital Harare was formerly called Salisbury in 1890 in honor of the British Prime Minister Lord Salisbury.
  • English is the official language. Other widely spoken languages are Shona and Sindebele, which also have various dialects and other minority languages.
  • Most countries in the world have their own currency unless they are still under the rule of another country. But Zimbabwe is among the few countries in the world that abandoned their currency and are currently using others’. This happened after the massive inflation that hit the country in 2008. The country abandoned its currency and has been using the U.S. Dollar, the South African Rand, the Sterling Pound, and the Botswana Pula since April 12 2009.
  • Zimbabwe is landlocked by Botswana, Mozambique, South Africa, Zambia and Namibia
  • The largest waterfall in the world, Victoria Falls, is located on the Zambezi River. It is the world’s only waterfall that is wider than a kilometer and has a height of more than one hundred meters.  The noise of Victoria Falls can be heard from a distance of 40 kilometers. Mosi-O-Tunya is the name given to the falls by the local tribe. It translates to ‘The smoke that thunders.’  You can notice spray and mist from the falling water from a height of 400 meters, and it can be seen from a distance of 50 kilometers. The waterfall was named after Queen Victoria by well-known explorer of Africa David Livingstone (1813-1873).
  • The waterfall is now a UNESCO World Heritage Site, and the people from both countries – Zambia and Zimbabwe – are actively participating to develop tourism in the region.
  • Lake Kariba of Zimbabwe, constructed on River Zambezi, is one of the world’s largest manmade lakes in the world.
  • Zimbabwe is blessed with excellent tropical climate because the country is situated on a raised plateau, which is why this country is relatively cooler than its neighbours.